You could be very anxious that you want to start a freshwater aquarium. You are probably wondering how to stock your aquarium and with which fish. The wise thing to do before taking that pride step is considering a few decisions that you probably need to make. Do you want a Cold Water Tank or a heated one? It is worth noting that either tank has its advantages and the particular species of the fish regarding the water temperatures in the tank. Once you decide on the species you want, you can then consider the species that are discussed below.
Cold water fresh aquarium
For the cold water aquarium, water is kept at room temperature. Nevertheless, it is very important to include a water filtration system. Also, you should consider having a light for the tank illumination. This aids at a great deal in keeping the fish healthy. After probably deciding that you want to keep the cold water fish tank, some possible fish to help you take off with your hobby are discussed below.
This comes in very diverse varieties in terms of their colors and sizes. Most people cherish the pretty varieties that have bubby heads and fanned tails.
They are excellent for starters who have the cold aquarium. The gold fish prefer temperatures that are between 62F to 74F. Since the gold fish are messy eaters, you will be sure to routinely change at least 10% of the water on weekly basis. Using de chlorinator to treat the water is a major stepping stone too for ensuring that your fish remain healthy.
Blood fin tetras
These are easily identifies with their silver bodies and their striking red fins. They are indeed hardy fish, living up to 10 years in some aquariums. They are very active, meaning that they are always on the move. Their optimum temperatures are between 64F and 82F. Moreover, it is a quiet and quite peaceful fish, preferring to live in groups.
It is very amazing to see the group swim together in the aquarium. A single blood fin tetras will tend to be quite shy.
White Cloud Mountain Minnows
Another fish that is very comfortable with the cold temperatures is the White Cloud Mountain Minnow. As a matter of fact, some people have gone to the extent of keeping them in the outdoor ponds during summer. They survive effortlessly in temperatures that are as low as 60F. They are also quite hardy and can live up to 5 years provided their health is well monitored. They mostly spend most of their time in the middle and top levels of the aquarium tanks. They also like living in groups. Actually, acquiring several like 6 will to a greater extent aid in good health and color in these fish
Heated Freshwater Aquarium Fish
Some hobbyist desire using heated tanks due to the wide range of the heated fresh water fish. A wider range of the tropical fish is more favored by the heated tanks. The temperatures in these tanks are between 72F and 82F.
Discussed below are some freshwater fish aquariums for the starters using the heated tanks.
They are relatively small but great. Running a water test should be the very first thing to be done before putting any fish in the water. Their handy condition and the fact that they thrive very well in various condition make them the best option for starters. The danios despite being small are very active. They too prefer living in groups and will most of the time stay near the surface.
As they come to the surface, their bright horizontal stripes catch your attention. They cannot be considered to be the picky eaters. They do wonderfully in the flake fish food.
If you are looking for a peaceful fish, then you got this one. In situations where you desire having a community with various species, you might get convinced to carry the Black Molly. They are very comfortable in the temperatures between 70F and 82F. They are livebearers too and quite undisciplined. They can eat their fingerlings if there is not enough vegetation for them to hide.
Black Skirt Tetra
This is also quite peaceful and should be kept either in a pair or else in a large group. They too are quite hardy and very good eaters. They eat any food that is available to them. They are also fond of swimming at the central region of the tank and do not like any confrontations whatsoever. Including more hiding places for this is a good idea. This can be done by adding rocks, plants and other materials at the base of the tank.
Kuhli loach resembles the eels. It is also hardy and a great piece in the tank. This nocturnal fish loves dwelling at the base of the tank. Hiding under the rocks or caves is not a rare scenario. This is why it is very much recommended that offering some hiding places for the fish is a good idea. Their nature of eating the foods that have settled to the base of the tank is a good practice that helps in cleaning the tank. This therefore means that you should often provide foods that sink to the base of the tank if you do not want starve your fish.
They come in very diverse varieties, making them a good choice for the starters. They are fantastic in the community tank with other less active fish. They reproduce quite often but the young ones are mostly eaten by other tank dwellers. In order to get different colors, you will need to breed them selectively. From the selective breeding, you can choose having your favorite colors. They however like eating any flakes or the freeze dried foods. The fact that they eat any algae that grow in the tank, make them a good choice for beginners.
There is a close link between swordtails and the platy. The males have a sword-like at the bottom that is quite long. They are less active fish that add real bright color to the tank. They are quite hardy and can live for quite some lengthy time. This makes it good for starters. From the wide range of colors to select from, you have to carry one or several for your tank.
Saving the last for the best, the Betta fish is a good flavor for that additional flash and color in your tank. The males have amazing dazzling bright long fins. They have over time been referred to as Siamese fighting fish. This is due to their nature of fighting with other bettas. This therefore means that you will not want many in your tank. They are also hardy fish that eat pellets or flake food. Due to the nature of the male’s long fins, you will be careful not to group them with others who can pick at the fins.
Establishing a very attractive freshwater aquarium is not just an interesting experience but an awesome source of gratification. The first thing to consider is the type of the tank you want to establish. It could be a heated tank or a cold water tank. You can then do some reading on the best freshwater aquarium fish that are discussed above. Make sure to take home what please your eyes and that is less demanding.
Advice for Beginners
As a beginner, looking for the hardy fish that are less tasking and demanding can be a milestone. Remember to also consider those that get along with others quite easily. You will not want to turn your tank into a fish battle field. It breaks no bone for the advanced hobbyists to share thoughts with others on what they perceive to be the best for the starters. They can also share their experience to jump start the beginners.